Frequently Asked Question List for TeX

# Why bother with `inputenc` and `fontenc`?

## `inputenc`

In current LaTeX release (2018 and later) You do not need to load `inputenc` as UTF-8 encoding, equivalent to

``````\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
``````

The standard input encoding for Western Europe prior to the wide adoption of Unicode was ISO 8859–1 (commonly known by the standard’s subtitle ‘Latin-1’). If you are still saving files in Latin-1 (or other) encoding then you will need to declare that via a declaration such as

``````\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}
``````

### `fonttenc`

If you are using pdfLaTeX or LaTeX and do not specify

``````\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
``````

Then LaTeX will default to the original TeX OT1 encoding. Initially this may not seem to be a problem, especially if writing in English, however OT1 does not include any accented letters, so any accented letters will be constructed using the `\accent` primitive rather than using an accented character from the font. Any words using such a constructed accent will not be hyphenated.

Note that the `t1enc` package is available in the base distribution, which is equivalent to using the `T1` option to `fonttenc` however it should not be used in current documents and is just retained for compatibility with the first versions of the LaTeX2e documentation, which were written before the `fonttenc` package was produced.

FAQ ID: Q-why-inp-font