Frequently Asked Question List for TeX


Finding if a label is undefined

People seem to want to know (at run time) if a label is undefined (I don’t actually understand why, particularly: it’s a transient state, and LaTeX deals with it quite well).

A resolved label is simply a command: \r@<label-name>; determining if the label is set is then simply a matter of detecting if the command exists. The usual LaTeX internal way of doing this is to use the command \@ifundefined: \@ifundefined{r@label-name}{undef-cmds}{def-cmds} In which, ‹label-name› is exactly what you would use in a \label command, and the remaining two arguments are command sequences to be used if the label is undefined (‹undef-cmds›) or if it is defined (‹def-cmds›).

Note that any command that incorporates \@ifundefined is naturally fragile, so remember to create it with \DeclareRobustCommand or to use it with \protect in a moving argument.

If you’re into this game, you may well not care about LaTeX’s warning about undefined labels at the end of the document; however, if you are, include the command \G@refundefinedtrue in ‹undef-cmds›.

And of course, remember you’re dealing in internal commands, and pay attention to the at-signs.

All the above can be avoided by using the labelcas package: it provides commands that enable you to switch according to the state of a single label, or the states of a list of labels. The package’s definition is a bit complicated, but the package itself is pretty powerful.

FAQ ID: Q-labundef
Tags: latexmacros