Frequently Asked Question List for TeX

# Using labels as counter values

Labels are tempting sources of “numbers” — their most common use, after all, is simply to typeset a number. However, their seeming simplicity is deceptive; the packages babel and hyperref, at least, fiddle with the definition of \ref and \pageref in ways that make

\setcounter{foo}{\ref{bar}}


(etc.) not work; thus the technique may not be relied upon.

The solution is to use the refcount package (incidentally, by the author of hyperref). The package provides four commands, all similar to:

\usepackage{refcount}
...
\label{bar}
...
\setcounterref{foo}{bar}


(the other three are \addtocounterref, \setcounterpageref and \addtocounterpageref).

The package also provides a command \getrefnumber{label-name} that may be used where a “number” value is needed. For example:

... \footnote{foo bar ...\label{foofoot}}
...
\footnotemark[\getrefnumber{foofoot}]


which gives you a second footnote mark reference the the footnote. (There is also a command \getpagerefnumber, of course).

The commands could be used by one determined not to use changepage to determine whether the current page is odd, but it’s probably no more trouble to use the fully-developed tool in this case.

FAQ ID: Q-labelcount
Tags: latexmacros