Frequently Asked Question List for TeX

# Format of numbers in the bibliography

By default, LaTeX makes entries in the bibliography look like:

[1] Doe, Joe et al. Some journal. 2004.
[2] Doe, Jane et al. Some journal. 2003.

while many documents need something like:

1. Doe, Joe et al. Some journal. 2004.
2. Doe, Jane et al. Some journal. 2003.

This sort of change may be achieved by many of the “general” citation packages; for example, in `natbib`, it’s as simple as:

``````\renewcommand{\bibnumfmt}[1]{#1.}
``````

but if you’re not using such a package, the following internal LaTeX commands, in the preamble of your document, will do the job:

``````\makeatletter
\renewcommand*{\@biblabel}[1]{\hfill#1.}
\makeatother
``````

FAQ ID: Q-formbiblabel
Tags: citations