Frequently Asked Question List for TeX


What is the future of TeX?

Knuth has declared that he will do no further development of TeX; he will continue to fix any bugs that are reported to him (though bugs are rare). This decision was made soon after TeX version 3.0 was released; at each bug-fix release the version number acquires one more digit, so that it tends to the limit π (at the time of writing, Knuth’s latest release is version 3.1415926). Knuth wants TeX to be frozen at version π when he dies; thereafter, no further changes may be made to Knuth’s source. (A similar rule is applied to MetaFont; its version number tends to the limit e, and currently stands at 2.718281.)

Knuth explains his decision, and exhorts us all to respect it, in a paper originally published in TUGboat 11(4), and reprinted in the NTG journal MAPS.

There are projects to build substantial new macro packages based on TeX: the most notable is The LaTeX3 project. There are also various projects to build a successor to TeX-the-binary. The success of these projects has varied: today, pdfTeX is the standard engine for most users, whilst XeTeX and LuaTeX have both delivered fully Unicode-compliant systems with contrasting approaches to extensibility.

FAQ ID: Q-TeXfuture
Last updated: 2018-05-27